YouTube Videos [show more]. wikivisually recommended. 9. Fisiología – Equilibrio de Gibbs Donnan 1. 29m wikivisually recommended. Movie Night With a. Donnan f-ας; ισορροπία GibbsDonnan f-ας i equilibrio di Donnan m; equilibrio di GibbsDonnan m d Donnan-Gleichgewicht nt; Gibbs-DonnanGleichgewicht nt. I am a bit confused after reading about Donnan membrane equilibrium. .. Gibbs -Donnan equilibrium describes what that ionic gradient should be for the given.

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The Gibbs—Donnan effect also known as the Donnan’s effectDonnan lawDonnan equilibriumor Gibbs—Donnan equilibrium is a name for the behaviour of charged particles near a semi-permeable membrane that sometimes fail to distribute evenly across the two sides of the membrane.

Because small cations are attracted, but are not bound to the proteins, small anions will cross capillary walls away from the anionic proteins more readily than small cations. Some ionic species can pass through the wquilibrio while others cannot.

The solutions may be gels or colloids as well as solutions of electrolytesand as such the phase boundary between gels, or a gel and a liquid, can also act as a selective barrier. The electric potential arising between two such solutions is called the Donnan potential. The Donnan equilibrium is prominent in the triphasic model for articular cartilage proposed by Mow and Lai, as well as in electrochemical fuel cells and dialysis. The gbbs of a charged impermeant ion for example, a protein on one side of a membrane will result in an asymmetric distribution of permeant charged ions.

Note that Sides 1 and 2 are no longer in osmotic equilibrium i. I n vivoion balance does not equilibriate at the proportions that would be predicted by the Gibbs-Donnan model, because the cell cannot tolerate the attendant large influx of water.

Because there is a difference in concentration of ions on either side of the membrane, the pH may also differ when protons are involved. Dlnnan many instances, from ultrafiltration of proteins to ion exchange chromatography, the pH of the buffer adjacent to the charged groups of equikibrio membrane is different from the pH of the rest of the buffer solution.

When the charged groups are positive acidicthen they will repel protons so that the pH will be higher than the surrounding buffer. When tissue cells are in a protein-containing fluid, the Donnan effect of the cytoplasmic proteins is equal and opposite to the Donnan effect of the extracellular proteins. The opposing Donnan effects cause chloride ions to migrate inside the cell, increasing the intracellular chloride concentration. The Donnan effect may explain why some red blood cells do not have active sodium pumps; the effect relieves the osmotic pressure of plasma proteins, which is why sodium pumping is less important for maintaining the cell volume.

Brain fonnan swelling, known as cerebral oedema, results from brain injury and other traumatic head injuries that can increase intracranial pressure ICP. Negatively charged molecules within cells create a fixed charge density, which increases intracranial pressure through the Donnan effect.

ATP pumps maintain a negative membrane potential even though negative charges leak across the membrane; this action establishes a chemical and electrical gradient.

File:Gibbs-donnansvg – Wikimedia Commons

The negative charge in the cell and ions outside the cell creates a thermodynamic potential; if damage occurs to the brain and cells lose their membrane integrity, ions will rush into the cell to balance chemical and electrical gradients that were previously established.

The membrane voltage will become zero, but the chemical gradient will still exist. To neutralize the negative charges within the cell, cations flow in, which increases the osmotic pressure inside relative to the outside of the cell. The increased osmotic pressure forces water to flow into the cell and tissue swelling occurs.

Capillary — Capillaries are the smallest of a bodys blood vessels that make up the microcirculation. Their endothelial linings are only one layer thick. Lymph capillaries connect with larger vessels to drain lymph collected in equliibrio microcirculation. The term angiogenesis denotes the formation of new capillaries from pre-existing blood vessels, blood flows from the heart through arteries, which branch and narrow into arterioles, and then branch further into capillaries where nutrients and wastes are exchanged.

The capillaries then join and widen to become venules, which in turn widen and converge to become veins, capillaries do not function on their own, but eqjilibrio in a capillary bed, an interweaving network of capillaries supplying organs and tissues.

The more metabolically active a cell or environment is, the capillaries are required to supply nutrients. Metarterioles are found primarily in the mesenteric microcirculation and were thought to be present in most or all capillary beds. The physiological mechanisms underlying precapillary resistance is no longer considered to be a result of precapillary sphincters outside of the mesentery organ, lymphatic capillaries are slightly larger in diameter than blood capillaries, and have closed ends.

This structure permits interstitial fluid to flow into them but not out, lymph capillaries have a greater internal oncotic pressure than blood capillaries, due to the eauilibrio concentration of plasma proteins in the lymph.

However lipid-soluble molecules can diffuse through the endothelial cell membranes along concentration gradients. Tight junctions can be divided into two subtypes, Those with numerous transport vesicles, which are found primarily in skeletal muscles, fingers, gonads.

Those with few vesicles, which are found in the central nervous dnnan. These capillaries are a constituent of the blood—brain barrier, fenestrated capillaries have pores in the endothelial cells that are spanned by a diaphragm of radially oriented fibrils and allow small molecules and limited amounts of protein to diffuse.

In equklibrio renal glomerulus there are cells with no diaphragms, called foot processes or pedicels. Both of these types of vessels have continuous basal laminae and are primarily located in the endocrine glands, intestines, pancreas.

Sinusoidal capillaries are a type of open-pore capillary, that have larger openings in the endothelium. These types of blood vessels allow red and white cells and various serum proteins to pass.

These capillaries lack pinocytotic vesicles, and therefore utilize gaps present in cell junctions to permit transfer between cells, and hence across the membrane.

Equilibrrio — A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough. Gels are defined as a substantially dilute cross-linked system, which exhibits no flow when in the steady-state, by weight, gels are mostly liquid, yet they behave like dquilibrio due to a three-dimensional cross-linked network within the liquid.

It is the crosslinking within the fluid that gives a gel its structure, in this way gels are a dispersion of molecules of a liquid within a solid in which the solid is the continuous phase and the gjbbs is the discontinuous phase.

The word equilirbio was coined by 19th-century Scottish chemist Thomas Graham by clipping from gelatine, gels consist of a solid three-dimensional network that spans the volume of a liquid medium and ensnares it through surface tension effects. This internal network structure may result from physical bonds or chemical bonds, virtually any fluid can be used as an extender including water, oil, and air. Both by weight and volume, gels are mostly fluid in composition, edible jelly is a common example of a hydrogel and has approximately the density of water.

Polyionic polymers are polymers with a functional group. The ionic charges prevent the formation of tightly coiled polymer chains and this allows them to contribute more to viscosity in their stretched state, because the stretched-out polymer takes up more space. A hydrogel is a network of polymer chains that are hydrophilic, hydrogels are highly absorbent natural or synthetic polymeric networks.

Hydrogels also possess a degree of flexibility very similar to tissue, due to their significant water content. The first appearance of the term hydrogel in the literature was incommon uses for hydrogels include, Scaffolds in tissue engineering.

When used as scaffolds, hydrogels may contain human cells to repair tissue and they mimic 3D microenvironment of cells. Hydrogel-coated wells have been used for cell culture Environmentally sensitive hydrogels and these hydrogels have the ability to sense changes of pH, temperature, or the concentration of metabolite and release their load as result of such a change. Wound gels are excellent for helping to create or maintain a moist environment, reservoirs in topical drug delivery, particularly ionic drugs, delivered by iontophoresis.

Natural hydrogel materials are being investigated for tissue engineering, these materials include agarose, methylcellulose, hyaluronan, an organogel is a non-crystalline, non-glassy thermoreversible solid material composed of a liquid organic phase entrapped in a three-dimensionally cross-linked network.

The liquid can be, for example, a solvent, mineral oil. The solubility and particle dimensions of the structurant are important characteristics for the elastic properties, often, these systems are based on self-assembly of the structurant molecules. Josiah Willard Gibbs — Josiah Willard Gibbs was an American scientist who made important theoretical contributions to physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

His work on the applications of thermodynamics was instrumental in transforming physical chemistry into a rigorous inductive science, Gibbs gibba worked on the application of Maxwells equations to problems in physical optics. As a mathematician, he invented modern vector calculus, inYale awarded Gibbs the first American doctorate in engineering.

After a three-year sojourn in Europe, Gibbs spent the rest of his career at Yale, commentators and biographers have remarked on the contrast between Gibbss quiet, solitary life in turn of the century New England and the great international impact of his ideas. Though his work was almost entirely theoretical, the value of Gibbss contributions became evident with the development of industrial chemistry during the first half of the 20th century.

According to Robert A. Gibbs was born in New Haven and he igbbs to an old Yankee family that had produced distinguished American clergymen and academics since the 17th century. On his fathers side, he was descended from Samuel Willard, on his mothers side, one of his ancestors was the Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, the first president of the Donnnan of New Jersey, the elder Gibbs was generally known to his family and colleagues as Josiah, while the son was called Willard.

Josiah Gibbs was a linguist and theologian who served as professor of sacred literature at Yale Divinity School from until his death inWillard Gibbs was educated at the Hopkins School and entered Yale College inaged At Yale, Gibbs received prizes for excellence in mathematics and Latin and he remained at Yale as a graduate student at the Sheffield Scientific School.

At age 19, soon after his graduation from college, Gibbs was inducted into the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, relatively few documents from the period survive and it is difficult to reconstruct the details of Gibbss early career with precision. After the death of his father inGibbs inherited enough money to him financially independent. Recurrent pulmonary trouble ailed the young Gibbs and his physicians were concerned that he might be susceptible to tuberculosis and he also suffered from astigmatism, whose treatment was then still largely unfamiliar to oculists, so that Gibbs had to diagnose himself and grind his own lenses.

He was not conscripted and he remained at Yale for the duration of the war, inYale had become the first US university to offer a Ph. After graduation, Gibbs was appointed as tutor at the College for a term of three equuilibrio, during the first two years he taught Latin and during the third natural philosophy. After his donann as tutor donban, Gibbs traveled to Europe equilivrio his sisters, moving to Berlin, Gibbs attended the lectures taught by mathematicians Karl Weierstrass and Leopold Kronecker, as well as by chemist Heinrich Gustav Magnus.

Chemist — A chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry. Chemists study the composition of matter and its properties, chemists gbbs describe the properties they study in terms of quantities, with detail on the level of molecules and their component atoms.

Chemists carefully measure substance proportions, reaction rates, igbbs other chemical properties, the word chemist is also used to address Pharmacists in Commonwealth English. Chemists may specialize in any number of subdisciplines of chemistry, materials scientists and metallurgists share much of the same education and skills with chemists.

The roots of chemistry can be traced to the phenomenon of burning, fire was a mystical force that transformed one substance into another and thus was of primary interest to mankind. It was fire that led to the discovery of iron and glasses, after gold was discovered and became a precious metal, many people were interested to find a method that could convert other substances into gold.

This led to the protoscience called alchemy, the word chemist is derived from donnsn New Latin noun chimista, an abbreviation of alchimista. Alchemists discovered many chemical processes that led to the development of modern chemistry, Chemistry as we know it today, was invented by Antoine Lavoisier with his law of conservation of mass in The discoveries of the elements has a long history culminating in the creation of the periodic table by Dmitri Mendeleev.


The Nobel Prize in Chemistry created in gives an excellent overview of chemical discovery since the start of the 20th century. Jobs for chemists usually require at least a degree, but many positions, especially those in research. At the Masters level and higher, students tend to specialize in a dnonan field, postdoctoral experience may be required for certain positions.

Workers whose work involves chemistry, but not at a complexity requiring an education with a degree, are commonly referred to as chemical technicians.

Such technicians commonly do such work as simpler, routine analyses for quality control or in clinical laboratories, there are also degrees specific to become a Chemical Technologist, which are somewhat distinct from those required when a student is interested in becoming a professional Chemist.

A Chemical technologist is more involved in the management and operation of the gobbs and they are part of the team of a chemical laboratory in which the quality of the raw material, intermediate products and finished products is analyzed. They also perform functions in the areas of quality control. The higher the level achieved in the field of Chemistry, the higher the responsibility given to that chemist.


Fuel cell — A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction of positively charged hydrogen ions with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.

Fuel cells can produce electricity continuously for as long as these inputs are supplied, the first fuel cells were invented in The first commercial use of fuel cells came more than a later in NASA space programs to generate power for satellites. Since then, fuel cells have been used in other applications. Fuel cells are used for primary and backup power for commercial, industrial and residential buildings and they are also used to power fuel cell vehicles, including forklifts, automobiles, ddonnan, boats, motorcycles and submarines.

There are many types of equiilbrio, but they all consist of an anode, a cathode. The anode and cathode contain catalysts that cause the fuel to undergo reactions that generate positively charged hydrogen ions and electrons. The hydrogen ions are drawn through the electrolyte after the reaction, at the same time, electrons are drawn from the anode to the cathode through an external circuit, producing direct current electricity.


Total Cronbach’s alpha was The BDD-YBOCS had excellent inter-rater ( intra-class correlation coefficient [ICC] = ; p < ) and intra-rater reliability. The BDD-YBOCS is an observer rated scale to assess the severity of BDD The COPS is a self-report scale designed to screen for symptoms of BDD in. body dysmorphic disorder scale notes. The body dysmorphic disorder scale ( BDD-YBOCS) was developed by Katharine Phillips and colleagues (details at the .

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Intraclass correlation coefficients demonstrated excellent interrater and test-retest reliability; internal consistency was strong. At some point during the disorder, repetitive behaviors or mental acts are performed in response to the appearance preoccupations e.

BDD is common, with a prevalence in the general population yboc 1. Other BDD symptom measures have limitations. In the only previous study that examined the psychometric properties of the BDD-YBOCS, the scale had strong reliability, validity, and ybcs to change in individuals who were seeking a clinical evaluation or treatment for BDD Phillips et al.

In that study, the BDD-YBOCS demonstrated good interrater and test-retest reliability, internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change with pharmacologic treatment.

The sample is also more broadly ascertained, has a broader range of BDD severity, and includes adolescents, which may increase the generalizability of the findings to this age group, an understudied subgroup of individuals with BDD.

Diagnosis and Clinical Assessment in BDD

Subjects were obtained from a prospective, observational study of the course of BDD, which is described in greater detail elsewhere e. This report includes only data from the initial baseline interview which was obtained by subject interview. The only exclusion criterion was the presence of an yvocs mental disorder that would interfere with the collection of valid interview data.

Bdv were obtained from a broad range of sources: Of the subjects, met diagnostic criteria for current BDD, and 24 met criteria for past BDD at the time of intake into the study. Among the 38 subjects Because our observational course study did not prospectively re-interview subjects at weekly intervals or administer treatment, we used other BDD samples to examine test-retest reliability and sensitivity to change.

For analyses of sensitivity to change, 63 subjects were obtained from three studies of serotonin-reuptake inhibitors SRIs for BDD that are described elsewhere Phillips, ; Phillips et al. One of these studies was placebo-controlled Phillips et al.

BDD | Scales used for BDDScales used for BDD – BDD

Subjects in the treatment studies met standard inclusion and exclusion criteria for medication efficacy studies. The first five items assess obsessional preoccupations about perceived appearance defects time preoccupied, interference in functioning and distress due to perceived appearance defects, resistance against preoccupations, and control over preoccupations.

Items 6—10 assess BDD-related repetitive behaviors e. Item 11 assesses insight into appearance beliefs e. Scores for each item range from 0 no symptoms to 4 extreme symptoms ; the total score ranges from 0 to 48, with higher scores reflecting more severe symptoms.

This yboca was administered to the first 98 subjects in the observational course study we subsequently discontinued using it to decrease subject burden.

Scores range from 0 to 72, with higher scores reflecting greater depressive symptom severity. Total scores range from 0 to 72; higher scores reflect more severe social anxiety symptoms.

Experienced clinical interviewers conducted interviews for the course study. Senior staff thoroughly edited all interviews both clinically and clerically. Intraclass correlation coefficients ICCs yobcs used to bd interrater and test-retest reliability. To examine test-retest reliability, baseline ratings from the 64 subjects in the fluoxetine study were compared to ratings obtained by the same rater after one week of placebo run-in.

The number of factors identified was based on an examination of eigenvalues greater than one and the scree plot. To examine sensitivity to change, data from the three SRI studies were pooled, and pre-treatment and post-treatment total scores were compared using a paired-sample t test for the 63 subjects who received active medication.

Means and bfd deviations for individual scale items are presented in Table 1.

Scales used for BDD

For individual items, interrater reliability ICCs ranged from 0. ICCs also showed good test-retest reliability over one week ybocd the total score and all individual items Table 1. Test-retest ICCs for individual item scores ranged from 0. The scree plot also suggested a two-factor solution. The two factors accounted for a total of One factor accounted for The other factor had factor loadings ranging from.

The specificity was This cut score had a sensitivity of The relatively high correlation with the GAF is perhaps to be expected, given that BDD was the primary disorder for Correlations with the social phobia and depression measures were significant, perhaps reflecting yboxs fact that In the prior report Phillips et al.

Study strengths include the relatively large sample size, broad ascertainment of subjects, and examination of numerous aspects of reliability and validity. Limitations include relatively small sample sizes for analyses of interrater and test-retest reliability. Interrater reliability ratings were based on audiotaped interviews conducted by only one rater, rather than separate interviews conducted by each rater; thus, these ratings provide an upper-bound estimate of reliability.

Further research is needed on the BDD-YBOCS to determine whether a self-report version of the scale is reliable and valid, which has not previously been investigated.

More subjective items, ybocss as level of distress, might be fairly accurately captured by a self-report measure.

Other items, however, such as functional impairment and avoidance due to BDD thoughts and repetitive behaviors, typically require careful clinical questioning and clinical judgment to accurately capture and score the broad range of behavioral consequences of this disorder.

The BDD-YBOCS demonstrated strong vdd consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change. Two factors were identified, which accounted for This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication.

As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final citable form.

Please note that during the hbocs process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Author manuscript; available in PMC Jul Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at J Clin Psychiatry. See other articles in PMC that cite the ybics article. Body dysmorphic disorder, assessment, scales, measurement, severity. Open in a separate window. Scores are for the full sample past or ybics BDD.

Conclusions The BDD-YBOCS demonstrated strong internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change. References American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association; Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-5 5. American Yboca Publishing; Updates on the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder: Prevalence and clinical characteristics of body dysmorphic disorder in an adult inpatient setting.

The Brief Social Phobia Scale: New York State Psychiatric Institute; Development, use, and reliability. Archives of General Psychiatry.

The prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in the United States adult population. Prevalence and associations with clinical variables. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. Rating scales and assessment instruments for use in pediatric psychopharmacology research. An open-label study of escitalopram in body dysmorphic disorder. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of fluoxetine in body dysmorphic disorder. A severity rating scale for body dysmorphic disorder: Development, reliability, and validity of a modified version of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale.

Suicidality in body dysmorphic disorder: American Journal of Psychiatry. Demographic characteristics, phenomenology, comorbidity, and family history in individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. A four-year prospective observational follow-up study of course and predictors of course in body dysmorphic disorder. Pharmacotherapy for body dysmorphic disorder: Treatment received ybpcs illness severity. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry. Functional impairment in body dysmorphic disorder: A prospective, follow-up study.

Journal of Psychiatric Research. An open-label study of citalopram in body dysmorphic disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Should an obsessive-compulsive spectrum grouping of disorders be included in Yobcs Development of the body dysmorphic disorder examination. Behaviour Research and Therapy. Cognitive behavior group therapy for body dysmorphic disorder: Modular cognitive-behavioral therapy for body dysmorphic disorder.


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Microbubble Contrast Agents for Ultrasound Imaging: Where, Carl and Why? The Biliary Tract and Gallbladder 7. The Gastrointestinal Tract 9. The Urinary Tract The Adrenal Glands The Retroperitoneum and Great Vessels The Abdominal Wall Gestational Trophoblastic Disease The Thyroid Gland The Parathyroid Glands The Rotator Cuff Ccarol Extracranial Cerebral Vessels The Peripheral Arteries Overview of Obstetric Sonography The First Trimester Structural Anomalies in the First Trimester Sonographic Markers of Fetal Chromosomal Defects Sonography of Multifetal Pregnancy The Fetal Face and Neck The Fetal Head and Brain The Fetal Spine The Fetal Chest The Fetal Heart The Fetal Abdominal The Fetal Urogenital Tract The Fetal Musculoskeletal System Biophysical Profile Scoring Doppler Assessment of Pregnancy Sonographic Evaluation of the Placenta Cervical Ultrasound ulyrasound Preterm Caro, Invasive Fetal Procedures VI.

Neonatal and Infant Brain Imaging Doppler of the Neonatal and Infant Brain Doppler of the Brain in Children Pediatric Head and Neck Masses The Pediatric Spinal Canal The Pediatric Chest The Pediatric Liver and Spleen The Pediatric Kidney and Adrenal Glands The Pediatric Gastrointestinal Tract The Pediatric Pelvic Sonography Pediatric Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Pediatric Interventional Sonography show more.

Diagnostic Ultrasound, 2-Volume Set : Carol M. Rumack :

Review quote “This title is the authority in the field of ultrasound diagnosis as it relates to both the adult and child patient which is exactly why it is used in so many radiology departments at centers throughout the world. This selection covers the subject in broad and definite terms, and boasts many features which has caused it to be first choice among health care providers who use ultrasound to detect disease and instigate treatment.

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The CA Easytrieve® Report Generator course explains how reports are produced by using the CA Easytrieve Report Generator language. It details the structure. To the extent permitted by applicable law, CA provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, including without limitation, any implied. This course teaches students the advanced techniques available to use CA- Easytrieve Plus.

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App provides ability to read Dalail ul Khairat Shareef with friendly interface. The Dalail ul Khairat Application includes following features: • Simple and. Dalail ul Khayrat Arabic text with Urdu Translation Dalaail u’l Khayraat (Proofs of Good Deeds) is a book of salawaat (blessings) on our beloved Holy Prophet. Dala’il al-Khayrat, the most celebrated manual of Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in history, was composed by the Sufi, wali.

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Ocr language not currently. Subject to credit approval. Nice print and good quality X Previous image. No trivia or quizzes yet.

There are 6 items available. Please register or login to write a review. Learn more — opens in new window or tab Seller information everythingeast2west A young girl was witnessing the uneasy Shaikh and she asked him, about his restlessness. Alami Hassan rated it did not like khalrat May 02, Immediate payment required for this item. The particular Darood is also included in the Daroods of the khaiart. This book is not yet featured on Listopia.

For additional information, see the Global Shipping Programme terms and conditions — opens in khaiart new window or tab. Mohammad Aboomar rated it did not like it Apr 29, For additional information, see the Global Shipping Programme terms and conditions — opens in a new window or tab This amount includes applicable customs duties, taxes, brokerage and other fees.

Hope I get the opportunity to read this everyday inshallah, Ameen. Want to Read saving…. See all everythingeast2west has no other items for sale.

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Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli. See other items More There was no arrangement to lift the water and he made rounds of the well. Abu Abdullah Aljazuli was passing near a house in a desert and the hour of prayer came near.

Da,ailul may receive da,ailul if your application for credit is successful. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Redeem your points Conditions for uk nectar points — opens in a new window arbic tab. She spat into the well whereupon the water rose to arabicc top of its own accord.

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Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Skip to main content. Goodreads khwirat you keep track of books you want to read. He needed water for performing abulations, but water was at the bottom of the well nearby. After finishing his prayers, he begged of khairta girl to tell him about the secret words.

Dalail ul Khairat

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Jackie Pigeaud. likes. présenter et faire connaître l’œuvre de Jackie Pigeaud (). Jackie Pigeaud. La maladie de l’ǎme. Étude sur la relation de l’ǎme et du corps dans la tradition médico‐philosophique antique. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, Jackie Pigeaud (French). 0 references loire/nantes/nantes-le-penseur-jackie-pigeaud-n-est-plus

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Jackie Pigeaud – Wikipedia

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SGMII and RGMII MAC interface support. • Atheros ETHOS-Designed Green Ethernet (EDGE™) power-saving technology. • Fiber support to Base-X and . Datasheet for Qualcomm Atheros AR Qualcomm Atheros PDF datasheets AR for download. | Qualcomm Atheros PDF Datenblätter AR zum. AR/33 Reference Design V Size. DWG NO. Rev. Sheet of. Title. Date. Title and Rev. Atheros Communications, Inc. Tuesday, August

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The AR is part of the Arctic family of. Bill of Materials cost solution for. CPE, home gateway, enterprise switch, carrier.

Efficient Ethernet and Atheros proprietary. Test technology on-chip which allows. Some of the possible. The Datasheef requires only a single, 3. On-chip regulators provide all the. The AR device also incorporates a 1. This interface can be connected. The AR supports both v2 and.

AR Datasheet PDF – Atheros Communications

Supports IEEE v2 by offering a. Synchronous Ethernet by offering recovered. Darasheet Ethernet EEE standard. Power Idle LPI mode to turn off unused. Atheros logo is a registered trademark of Atheros Communications, Inc.

All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders. Subject to change without notice. Data Sheet August Version 1. The AR embeds CDT Cable Diagnostics Test technology on-chip which allows customers to measure cable length, detect the cable status, and identify remote and local PHY malfunctions, bad or marginal patch cord segments or connectors. Some of the possible problems that can be detected include opens, shorts, cable impedance mismatch, bad connectors, termination mismatch, and a bad transformer.

On-chip regulators provide all the other required voltages.

AR8031 Datasheet PDF

The AR supports both datasheet and synchronous Ethernet to offer a complete time synchronization solution to meet the next generation network requirements. The key new features supported by the device are: Supports IEEE v2 by offering a paket parser, accurate time-stamping and insertion to support both one-step and two-step clock modes n Supports both IEEE v2 and Synchronous Ethernet by offering recovered clock output from data on the network-line side.

The key features supported by the device are: The Atheros logo is a registered trademark of Atheros Communications, Inc.


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