Narration of Abdullah’s life from the days of his ancestors up to the English rule in Malacca and the founding of Singapore. Hikayat Abdullah serves as one of the most important records of the . Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi: A man of bananas and thorns. About the man himself, Munsyi (literally means teacher) Abdullah, Hikayat Abdullah was originally written in Jawi script and told of stories.

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Abdullah bin Abdul al Kadir — [1] Arabic: He was a famous Malacca -born munshi of Singapore [2] and abdullqh in Jeddaha part of the Ottoman Empire. Munshi Abdullah has been popularly regarded as among the most cultured Malays who ever wrote, [2] one of the greatest innovators in Malay letters [3] and the father of modern Malay literature.

The term Munshi means “teacher” or “educator”. Munshi Abdullah was a great-grandson of a Hadhrami Arab trader, [5] and also had Tamil and to a smaller extent, Malay ancestry.

Munshi Abdullah followed abdullah father’s career path as a translator and teacher of colonial officials in the Malay Archipelagomainly the British and the Dutch.

Thomson, a contemporary of Abdullah, described gikayat thus: He dressed in the usual style of Malacca Tamils. Acheen seluarcheck sarongprinted bajusquare skull cap and sandals.

He had the vigour and pride of the Arab, the perseverance and subtlety of the Hindoo – in language and national sympathy only was he a Malay. All of his brothers died in infancy.

As per the customary practices of the Malay community of that period, he was taken care of by various individuals as it was held that a child with poor immunity to diseases hikayst be cared for by caretakers other than his or her biological parents. Munshi Abdullah was critical of the practice, describing it as stupid in the Hikayat Abdullah. He then taught the Malay language to British and American missionaries and businessmen.


He became a functionary in the Straits Settlements next. He became a scribe and copyist for Sir Stamford Rafflesfollowed by, inbecoming translator of the Gospels and other text for the London Missionary Society. Abdullah set sail for Mecca from Hilayat in with the intention of completing the Hajj pilgrimage. He died of cholera shortly after his arrival in Mecca and before he could complete his pilgrimage, some time between May 8 and 18, The Kisah pelayaran Abdullah dari Singapura sampai ke Mekah The story of Abdulllah’s voyage from Singapore to Meccaone of Abdullah’s lesser-known works, records his experiences on the journey to Mecca.

There is some controversy over the exact time and location of his death, with some scholars arguing that he died in Jeddah in October at the age of 58, before reaching Mecca.

His writing career took off after a missionary, Alfred North, encouraged him to write an autobiography after reading Abdullah’s account of a voyage along the east aabdullah of Malaya. His work was an inspiration to future generations of writers and marks an early stage in the transition from classical Malay literature to modern Malay literature.

Hikayat Abdullah was the major literary work of Munshi Abdullah. It was completed in [1] and first published in[13] making it one of the first Malay literary texts to be published commercially.

Abdullah’s authorship was prominently displayed in this text and the contents were conveyed in simple, contemporary Malay. Unlike hikqyat classical Malay literary works that contain fantasies and legendary stories, Abdullah’s work was realistic. Abdullah was known as an ardent critic of the Malay political system of Kerajaan “kingship”. His work, Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah ke Kelantan contained his advice to Malay rulers and comparisons he made between the British system of governing and that of Malay rulers.

Abdullah argued that the system of Kerajaan was detrimental to the Malay individual, as it was an impediment to the social improvement of the Malays. The Malay Sultan was deemed to be someone who was selfish, with no concern toward his subjects, to the extent munsgi were treated like animals rather than humans.


Hikwyat idea of modernity and striving for excellence within the Malay community stemmed from his ideas and stinging criticisms of the ancient Malay polity of the Kerajaan. Under the Kerajaanthe Malays were deprived of education and hence they were easily hikayt. Without education, they did not have the ability to question the injustice meted out to them and could not take the initiative to institute changes to improve their lives.

Although the condemnation may be exaggerated, Munshi Abdullah’s allegations were not without basis. Mhnsyi is regarded by many to be the first Malayan journalist, taking Malay literature out of its preoccupation with folk-stories and legends into accurate historical descriptions.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A rare first edition, it was written between munysiprinted by lithographyand published in A-ak Bayes 15th ed. University of New South Wales Press.

Stories of Abdullah – BiblioAsia

Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Brunei. Raffles of Singapore — A Biography. Encyclopedia of Asian History. The Autobiography of Abdullah bin Abdul Hkkayat Translated by Hill, A. Indonesia and the Malay World. Tradisi Pembentukan Sastera Melayu Moden.

Penerbit Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris. Cerita-cerita motivasi untuk ibadah haji dan umrah.

Stories of Abdullah

Brakel Author ; M. Balfas Author ; M. Taib Bin Osman Author ; J. Gonda Author ; B. Rangkuti Author ; B. Lumbera Author ; H. Malay Literature of the 19th Century. Institut Terjemahan Negara Malaysia. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 6 Octoberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir [1] Malacca.