LEON FESTINGER TEORIA DE LA DISONANCIA COGNITIVA PDF

Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.

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Y cuando nuestra mente trata de darle un sentido a todas las acciones e ideas de nuestra vida, entonces es cuando nos inventamos justificaciones absurdas. People will, moreover, take action to reduce discrepancies in attitudes, whether by changing others to bring them closer to oneself or by changing one’s own attitudes to bring them closer to others.

Festinger also later described the increased conviction and proselytizing by cult members after disconfirmation as a specific instantiation of cognitive dissonance i. History Philosophy Portal Psychologist. Festinger and his co-authors concluded that the following conditions cgnitiva to increased conviction in beliefs following disconfirmation:. Festinger and his collaborators, Henry Riecken and Stanley Schachter, examined conditions under which disconfirmation of beliefs leads to increased conviction in fesringer beliefs in the book When Prophecy Fails.

Starting with the premise that humans have an innate drive to accurately evaluate their opinions and abilities, Festinger postulated that people will seek to evaluate their opinions and abilities disonanci comparing them with those of others.

A veces hasta por vestirse de tal o cual manera hay que justificarse. For example, liking was simply a function of reward according to behaviorism, so greater reward would produce greater liking; Festinger and Carlsmith’s experiment clearly demonstrated greater liking with lower reward, a result that required the acknowledgement of cognitive processes.

In addition, Festinger is credited with the ascendancy of laboratory experimentation in social psychology as one who “converted the experiment into a powerful scientific instrument with a central role in the search for knowledge. For example, in a two-storey apartment building, people living on the lower floor next to a stairway are functionally closer to upper-floor residents than are others living on the same lower floor. To use Festinger’s example of a smoker who has knowledge cogitiva smoking is bad for his health, the smoker may reduce dissonance by choosing to quit smoking, by changing his thoughts about the effects of smoking e.

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Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back examined the choice of friends among college students living in married student housing at MIT. In his paper, Festinger postulated that one of the major pressures to communicate arises from uniformity within a group, which in turn arises from two sources: He decided not to pursue treatment, and died on February 11, Festinger subsequently began exploring prehistoric archaeological data, meeting with Stephen Jay Gould to discuss ideas and visiting archaeological sites to investigate primitive toolmaking firsthand.

Warning against the dangers of such demands when theoretical concepts are not yet fully developed, Festinger stated, “Research can increasingly address itself to minor unclarities in prior research rather telria to larger issues; people can lose sight of the basic problems because the field becomes defined by the ongoing research. Many of cognitva group members quit their jobs and disposed of their possessions in preparation for the apocalypse.

Por tanto, me contradigo y, haciendo alarde de mi incongruencia, termino diciendo que creo que todo el mundo es congruente, pero lo es por muy poco tiempo, pues en cada minuto puede aprender o descubrir algo que le haga cambiar de idea.

He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect or propinquity. During this time, Festinger published his highly influential paper on social comparison theory, extending his prior theory regarding the evaluation of attitudes in social groups to the evaluation of abilities in social groups.

He then moved to the University of Minnesota inand then on to Stanford University in May 8, New York City. Y no me creo que las personas no seamos capaces de mantener ideas incongruentes. Yet, this endeavor “started as almost an accident” [26] while Festinger was conducting a study on the impact of architectural and ecological factors on student housing satisfaction for the university. Festinger’s influential social comparison theory can be viewed as an extension of his prior theory related to the reliance on social reality for evaluating attitudes and opinions to the realm of abilities.

The team showed that the formation of ties was predicted by propinquitythe physical proximity between where students lived, and not just by similar tastes or beliefs as conventional wisdom assumed. Cognitive dissonance Effort justification Social comparison theory. In his paper, Festinger again systematically set forth a series of hypotheses, corollaries, and derivations, and he cited existing experimental evidence where available.

Leon Festinger – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Thus Festinger suggested that the “social influence processes and some kinds of competitive behavior are both manifestations of the same socio-psychological process Dr queria dejarles unas preguntas que hice en yahoo answers quiza alguien sepa. Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case study Content analysis Experiments Human subject research Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Psychophysics Disonancoa research Quantitative research Self-report inventory Statistical surveys.

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After graduating, Festinger worked as a research associate at Iowa from toand then as a statistician for the Committee on Selection and Training of Aircraft Pilots at the University of Rochester from to during World War II.

Publicado el 24 abril Temas: Leon Festinger 8 May — 11 February was an American social psychologistperhaps best known for cognitive dissonance and re comparison theory. They will likewise take action to reduce discrepancies in abilities, for which there is an upward drive to improve one’s abilities. As Festinger himself recalls, “the years at M.

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Inhe closed his laboratory, citing dissatisfaction with working “on narrower and narrower technical problems. Behaviorists focused only on the observable, i. To use Festinger’s example, a cognitjva novice does not compare his chess abilities to those of recognized chess masters, [47] nor does a college student compare his intellectual abilities to those of a toddler.

Carlsmith published their classic cognitive dissonance experiment in Leob and his collaborators viewed lw findings as evidence that friendships often develop based on passive contacts e. Despite such recognition, Festinger left the field of social psychology inattributing his decision to “a conviction that had been growing in me at the time that I, personally, was in a rut and needed an injection of intellectual stimulation from new sources to continue to be productive.

Teoria della dissonanza cognitiva

The lower-floor residents near the stairs are more likely than their lower-floor neighbors to befriend those living on the upper floor. Views Read Edit View history. Although seemingly counter-intuitive that people would choose to believe “fear-provoking” rumors, Festinger reasoned that these rumors were actually “fear-justifying.

Rather than abandoning their discredited beliefs, group members adhered to them even more strongly and began proselytizing with fervor.